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Vaginal Health: Probiotics and Prebiotics

hydration and intimate hygiene must be respectful of the vaginal flora, therefore it is important to avoid the use of chemical products that may alter the natural chemistry of the vagina. Several causes of vaginal dryness are: hormonal changes, stress, use of certain medications, among others. Stress can negatively affect vaginal flora, and conventional cosmetics can worsen dryness.

Vaginal Health: Probiotics and Prebiotics Vaginal Health: Probiotics and Prebiotics

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It is important to bear in mind that hydration and intimate hygiene must respect the natural flora of the vaginal mucosa and avoid the use of chemical products. Vaginal dryness is not only related to hormonal changes during menopause, but can also be caused by hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, childbirth, emotional stress or relationship problems, and the use of certain medications.

The use of personal care products, such as soaps with sulfates, artificial scents, chemical skinning agents, plastic substances, and vaginal douches, can alter the natural chemistry and flora of the vagina. It is important to remember that a healthy vagina should have bacterial diversity and a large number of vaginal lactobacilli, which play a critical role in interacting with the host's immune system. Low abundance of lactobacilli increases the risk of various vaginal infections.

In addition, stress can negatively affect the vaginal flora, as it induces the release of cortisol and norepinephrine, which inhibit estrogen-related vaginal epithelial maturation and glycogen accumulation. This reduces vaginal free glycogen and lactobacilli levels, leading to decreased lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) synthesis and pH. As a result, a dysbiotic environment is created that is conducive to the proliferation of anaerobic bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis, such as Gardnerella vaginalis, increasing the risk of infections.

Therefore, it is important that cosmetics for hydration and intimate hygiene respect the vaginal pH and the survival of the different strains of lactobacilli. Recent studies have shown that conventional cosmetics, which contain skin-forming agents, plastic and osmotically active substances, even if they have the correct pH, are not beneficial for vaginal health, since they do not respect the flora and can aggravate vaginal dryness.


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