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Side effects of chemo on the skin

Cancer treatment is vital, but it can have side effects on the skin and nails. From radiation therapy to immunotherapy, these impacts vary in severity and can include everything from dryness and itching to rashes, pigmentation changes, and nail weakness.

Side effects of chemo on the skin Side effects of chemo on the skin

Introduction:

A cancer diagnosis is a challenging time in anyone's life, and cancer treatment often involves aggressive therapies that seek to eradicate cancer cells. However, these treatments can have side effects on patients' skin and nails, which can vary in severity depending on the type of therapy used. In this article, we will explore the impacts on skin and nails caused by treatments such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, stem cell transplants, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, and how patients and their medical teams can address these side effects.

Radiotherapy and its Impact on the Skin:

Radiotherapy is a treatment widely used in the fight against cancer. It is often applied in precise doses to kill cancer cells in a specific region of the body. However, this therapy can have side effects on the skin ranging from dryness, peeling, itching and redness to painful sores and infections, a condition known as wet reaction. Patients should be alert and report any changes in their skin to their medical team to receive appropriate treatment immediately.

Chemotherapy and its Effects on Skin and Nails:

Chemotherapy is widely known for its mechanism of action, which targets rapidly growing cells, such as cancer cells. However, this attack can affect other healthy cells, including the skin and nails. Effects vary depending on the medication used, but may include rashes, redness, itching, dry skin, and photosensitivity, increasing the risk of severe sunburn. Additionally, nails may become dark and brittle. In some cases, patients may experience a radiation recall reaction if they have previously received radiation therapy.

Stem Cell Transplants and Graft Versus Host Disease:

Stem cell transplants are a promising therapy, but they can lead to skin problems such as rashes, blisters or thickening. In severe cases, this could be a manifestation of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), an additional challenge for patients.

Targeted Therapy and its Effects on the Skin:

Targeted therapies are designed to attack specific characteristics of cancer cells. Although the effects on the skin are usually mild, they can include rashes that resemble an acne breakout, tingling, burning, and sensitivity to heat in the hands and feet.

Immunotherapy and its Impacts on Skin and Nails:

Immunotherapy uses the patient's immune system to fight cancer. However, it can affect the skin and nails, causing rashes, itching, blisters, and even hair loss in certain cases. These side effects may develop over several months after treatment.

Peripheral Neuropathy:

Another common side effect in cancer patients is peripheral neuropathy, which affects up to 80% of patients treated with certain chemotherapy drugs. Symptoms include numbness, pain in extremities, tingling, and muscle weakness, which can impact patients' quality of life.

How to treat Side Effects on Skin and Nails:

Side effects on the skin and nails during cancer treatment can be challenging, but there is an effective cream to relieve these discomforts and improve patients' quality of life.

The spin-off Prospera Biotech was born at the Miguel Hernández University (PCUMH) in Elche with the aim of investigating these effects. The studies have been carried out together with Dr. Carlos Ortega , head of the Radiation Oncology Service at the General University Hospital of Elche, and with real patients affected by cancer. The results have been better than expected, so much so that they have been able to bring several solutions focused on skin problems to the market.

Oncapsisens from Prospera Biotech has proven to be effective in improving the dermatological quality of life of patients. With its high concentration of neurocosmetic ingredients, it restores the balance of the neurosensory system, helping to reduce uncomfortable sensations.

Neurocosmetic ingredients are characterized by having a progressive action. Therefore, we recommend that it be used daily for several weeks; results may begin to appear gradually between 2 and 4 weeks of use.

This cream is moisturizing and hypoallergenic, and has shown positive results in clinical studies. In a study involving patients from four different hospitals, 87% of patients experienced improvements in their dermatological quality of life index.


Sources:

https://www.cancer.gov/espanol/cancer/tratamiento/efectos-secundarios/cambios-piel-unas

https://www.prosperabiotech.com/2022/10/19/efectos-y-consecuencias-de-los-tratamientos-oncologicos/

https://seom.org/115.informacion-al-publico-guia-de-tratamientos/efectos-secundarios-d-la-quimioterapia

Image: Spanish Society of Medical Oncology


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